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Cross-Border Cooperation

»»  Capacity Development for Regional and Cross-Border Cooperation in Moldova - GIZ contribution

  • Strengthening the capacity of the LPAs for identification and development of project proposals;
  • Training courses conducted by the RDAs, in cooperation with local NGOs;
  • Assistance in launch of project proposals for EU and National Fund for Regional Development programmes;
  • Medium-term collaboration with the Public Administration Academy by mainstreaming elements of training and lessons learnt in a national curriculum;
  • Support to the Antenna Office for implementation of EU Programs;
  • Support in implementation of the EU Strategy for the Danube region.

Download here more information on Cross-border Cooperation: achievements and perspectives of the Republic of Moldova.

Download here more information on Cross-border Cooperation Programmes for the period 2014-2020.

»»  European Union Strategy for the Danube Region

Brief Historical Outline

With an area of about 800 thousand km (a fifth of the area of the EU) and a population of over 100 million people, the Danube region is vital for Europe.  The Danube Basin has a number of advantages that may allow its quick  development: the geographical position (openness to the east) cultural, ethnic and natural diversity, important sources of renewable energy (hydro, biomass, wind and  thermal energy), advantages related to the environment (flora and fauna, water resources, Danube Delta).

The Danube Region has a potential of economic growth which has not been harnessed sufficiently. As part of the Pan-European Transport Corridor VII of the EU, the Danube is an important navigable way, connecting, through the Rhine-Maine-Danube network system the Constanta harbor with the  important navigable way, connecting, through the Rhine-Maine-Danube network system the Constanta harbor with the industrial hubs in the Western Europe and the Rotterdam harbor. The extended basin of the Danube covers states and regions that may benefit from direct access to the Black Sea in the future, and the importance of linking the EU to the extended region of Caucasus and the Central Asia has already been recognized through the Black Sea Synergy.

In this context, also considering the initiative launched by Romania and Austria in 2008, the Council of Europe (June 18-19, 2009) requested the European Commission to take the necessary steps for adopting a European Union Strategy for the Danube region by the end of 2010, following the model of the Strategy for the Baltic Sea. In January 2010, the European Parliament presented the "European Strategy for the Danube Region" for oral debates, followed by adoption of a resolution in which the members of the European Parliament asked the European Commission to launch this strategy, following a process of consultations, by the end of 2010.

The members of the European Parliament stressed that the EU Strategy for the Danube Region should be developed in the following areas of inter-regional cooperation: social protection and development, sustainable economic development, energy and transport infrastructure, environment protection; culture and education.

Later, the European Commission launched the public consultation (February-June 2010) during which conferences, seminars and round tables were held, in all riveran states. As result of these consultations, a Communicate was developed by the European Commission and presented on December 8, 2010, on the EU Strategy for the Danube Region, and an Action Plan.

Actions of the Government of the RM for Strategy Implementation:

List of members of the interinstitutional group for EUSDR in Moldova  

  • The Government of the Republic of Moldova approved the Decision no. 694 of 04.08.2010 on approval of the Inputs (proposals) of the Republic of Moldova to the European Union Strategy for the Danube Region, defining the priority strategy areas.
  • In November 2011, the Deputy Minister Veaceslav Gututui was appointed as the national coordinator of the EU Strategy for the Danube Region.
  • On December 1, 2011, the National EUSDR Coordinator convened a meeting of national experts on priorities of the EU Strategy for the Danube Region to discuss the progress of our country under the EUSDR and about the potential project concepts that will be presented and developed with other states in the region (Ist joint meeting).
  • On December 12, 2011 a plenary session was held during the working visit of the Romanian delegation headed by the National Coordinator of Romania on the EU Strategy for the Danube Region, Viorel Ardeleanu. The Romanian counterparts presented the experience in identifying, initiating and developing projects under the EUSDR (II joint session).
  • During the period between January 30 and February 1, 2012, the Moldovan delegation led by Mr. Veaceslav Guţuţui, Deputy Minister of Regional Development and Construction, made a working visit to Romania (Bucharest), during the second meeting of the national focal points and Coordinators on the priority areas of the EU Strategy for the Danube Region.
  • The Partnership Agreement between the Ministry of Regional Development and Construction and the Council of Danube Towns and Regions was signed and based on this Agreement, the members of the Council present at the meetings of Coordinating Groups will represent the Republic of Moldova as observers, without voting right but with the responsibility to bring to the knowledge all information of interest for Moldova in due time.
  • On May 4, 2012 a meeting of national experts on EUSDR priority areas took place, during which information on the strategy, the responsibilities of experts  and of the national coordinator on priority areas were presented and Moldova's participation in EUSDR activities and events was discussed (the third joint meeting). Also, the process of developing the national Plan of Actions for EUSDR implementation in the Republic of Moldova was launched and the concept of the operational structure of the EUSDR in the Republic of Moldova was presented.
  • On May 29, 2012 the meeting of the national experts on EUSDR with the Secretary of the Council of Danube Towns and Regions from Romania was held. The participants at the meeting discussed the importance of strategic partnership, the communication under EUSDR and the experience of Romania and the Council of Danube Towns and Regions in Strategy implementation.
  • On June 4, 2012 the information session on opportunities provided by the EUSDR was held with participation of the representatives of South, Center and North Development Regions. The participants discussed the activities to be undertaken by the Regional Development Agencies on the Danube Day.
  • On June 7, 2012 the meeting of the experts on EUSDR priority areas took place. The participants discussed the development of the action plan on implementation of the EUSDR in Moldova, about the organization of events on the Danube Day, the improvement of communication and the visibility of actions under the EUSDR, as well as creation of working groups at the level of institutions involved in the transposition of the provisions of EUSDR.
  • Also, on June 7 the meeting with H.E. Mr. Anita Orban, High Level Ambassador for Energy Security of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Hungary, coordinator, was held at the level of EUSDR macro-region to encourage more sustainable energy. The purpose of the meeting was to discuss the energy security of Moldova and to identify the priority actions in the energy area of the EUSDR.
  • On June 29 events related to the Danube Day were organized.


- between June 21 - 26, 2012, the South Development Region  held an information campaign on the European Union Strategy for the Danube Region in Ştefan-Vodă, Cahul and Cimişlia, attended by representatives of the local public administration in the South region.

Center Development Region held on June 22, 2012 a round table entitled "European Regional Cooperation Strategies and Programs - new perspectives for regional development". The event was held in Costesti village, Ialoveni rayon, with participation of representatives of the Ministry of Regional Development and Construction and stakeholders in the Center region.

- On June 29 the North Regional Development Region held a roundtable in Balti dedicated to the Danube Day, attended by stakeholders in the North region of the Republic of Moldova.

  • On July 2 the meeting of the institutional work subgroup was held at the National Tourism Agency. During the meeting, the participants discussed about the visit of the representatives to the World Travel Day, the cooperation with the civil society and the business environment and EUSDR implementation on the priority area "Promoting culture and tourism, as well as direct contacts between people".

Useful documents related to EUSDR:

EUSDR presentation

Guidelines for Representatives of Institutions Delegated for Coordination of Priority Areas

»»  Joint Operational Program Romania-Ukraine-Moldova 2007-2013

The Joint Operational Program defines the context, the objectives, the structure, the allocation of funds by priorities, implementation bodies and procedures of the Program. It was developed by the three program countries and sent to the European Commission on March 10, 2008 for negotiations and approval. The Joint Operational Program Romania-Ukraine-Moldova 2007-2013 was approved by the European Commission on July 29, 2008.


a. Romania, the counties: Botosani, Galati, Iasi, Suceava, Tulcea and Vaslui
b. Republic of Moldova: the whole country
c. Ukraine, the oblasts: Odessa and Cernauti

Adjacent regions:
a. For Romania: Braila county
b. For Ukraine: the oblasts Ivano-Frankivska, 10 rayons of Khmelnyitska oblast and 12 rayons of Thermopilska oblast


Total budget*
ENPI + national co-financing
 ENPI  National co-financing
 137,4 mil. Euro
 126 mil. Euro  11.4 mil Euro






The program aims to stimulate the development potential of the border region within safer border areas, by fostering contacts between partners on both sides of the border, in order to improve the economic, social and environmental conditions.


Priority 1: Towards a more competitive border economy:

  • To improve the productivity and the competitiveness in urban and rural areas
  • Cross-border initiatives in transport, border infrastructure and energy

Priority 2: Environment Challenges and Emergency Preparedness:

  • Addressing strategic cross-border environmental challenges including emergency preparedness
  • Water supply, sewerage and waste management

Priority 3: People to People Co-operation through:

  • Support to local and regional governance, support to civil society and local communities
  • Educational, social and cultural exchanges 

Technical assistance
This horizontal component will ensure efficiency and effectiveness in the use of resources, in line with the program objectives and priorities

Financial allocations/priorities

Distribution of total eligible budgets
Eligible total financing
(mil Euro)
ENPI financing
(mil. Euro)
National co-financing
(mil. Euro)
Priority 1. Towards a more competitive border economy
62.7 57 5.7
Priority 2: Environment Challenges and Emergency Preparedness
49.5 45 4.5
Priority 3: People to People Co-operation
13.2 12 1.2
Technical assistance
12 12 0
TOTAL 137.4 126 11.4


Provision of competitive grants under Calls for Project Proposals (Biddings).


Economic/social infrastructure, environment protection works, workshops, trainings, conferences, tourism promotion etc.


Local and regional authorities

  • NGOs
  • Associations and representative organizations
  • Universities, research institutes, education/training organizations


The general and specific project selection criteria are approved by the Joint Monitoring Committee, at the proposal of the Joint Managing Authority (MDLPL, Romania). 
The following minimum criteria shall be considered in the selection process:

  • existence of a partner on the other side of the border*
  • administrative capacity,
  • technical capacity,
  • financial capacity.

*At least one partner should be from Romania and one partner from Ukraine and/or the Republic of Moldova. Projects between Ukraine and the Republic of Moldova only are not accepted. The lead partner and the other partners must reside in a project eligible area.

Legal Framework

Regulation (EC) No 1638/2006 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 24 October 2006 laying down general provisions establishing a European Neighborhood and Partnership Instrument

Commission Regulation (EC) No 951/2007 of 9 August 2007 laying down implementing rules for cross-border cooperation programmes financed under Regulation (EC) No 1638/2006 of the European   Parliament and of the Council laying down general provisions establishing a European Neighborhood and   Partnership Instrument

Corrigendum to Commission Regulation (EC) No. 951/2007


Joint Operational Program 

Joint Operational Program Romania-Ukraine-Moldova 2007-2013

EC Decision


Implementation Documents

Annual Information and Communication Plan (2009)

Annual Information and Communication Plan (2010)  

Annual Information and Communication Plan (2011)

Annual Information and Communication Plan (2012)

Laws on procurement applicable for cross-border cooperation programs

Order on the eligible expenditures for beneficiaries from Romania (Document applicable to beneficiaries and partners in Romania)

Annual Plan for Allocation of Grants of the Joint Managing Authority for the Joint Operational Program Romania-Ukraine-Moldova 2007-2013 for 2009

Annual Plan for Allocation of Grants of the Joint Managing Authority for the Joint Operational Program Romania-Ukraine-Moldova 2007-2013 for 2010

Addendum no. 1 to the Annual Plan for Allocation of Grants for 2010

Annual Plan for Allocation of Grants for 2011


Decisions of the Joint Monitoring Committee

Summary of Decisions taken by the Joint Monitoring Committee during the meeting of December 17, 2008

Summary of Decisions taken by the Joint Monitoring Committee during the meeting of June 25, 2010

Summary of Decisions taken by the Joint Monitoring Committee during the meeting of June 7-8, 2011


Useful Documents for Contracting Projects

 Guidelines for Grant Beneficiaries

 Partnership Statement

 Beneficiary Statement 

»»  The Black Sea Basin Joint Operational Program Black Sea 2007-2013



a. Romania: The South-Eastern Region 
b. Bulgaria: Severoiztochen, Yugoiztochen 
c. Greece: Kentriki Makedonia, Anatoliki Makedonia Thraki 
d. Turkey: Istanbul, Tekirda, Kocaeli, Zonguldak, Kastamonu, Samsun, Trabzon 
e. Russia: Rostov Oblast, Krasnodar Krai, Republica Adygea 
f. Ukraine: Odesa, Mykolaiv, Kherson, Sevastopol, Zaporoshye and Donetsk
    Oblast, Crimeea, Sevastopol 
g. Moldova, Georgia, Armenia, Azerbaijan: the whole territory.    



The total budget of the program is EUR 18,862,000 (EUR 17,035,000  ENPI and EUR 1,557,000 national co-financing). The estimated allocation of IPA funds for Turkey's participation in the program is EUR 1,000,000 per year for the period 2007 - 2009 (the allocation will be confirmed by an annual financial decision). The funds are provided through the European Neighborhood and Partnership Instrument (ENPI), an instrument that supports the implementation of the European Neighborhood Policy in the partner countries. The program countries must provide 10 per cent of the funding, at project level (sources may include: state budget and beneficiary budget). 


The overall program objective is to support the economic and social development of the country in the Black Sea basin regions, based on sound regional partnership and close cooperation. The program priorities are focused on the jointly identified needs by the partner states, thus having a cross-border impact. This program will finance actions related to promotion of economic activities, environment protection, workshops, training courses, conferences, seminars, networking for tourism promotion etc. 


Provision of competitive grants under Calls for Project Proposals (Biddings).


The Program targets local and regional authorities, development agencies, environment and tourism agencies, trade chambers, NGOs, education and cultural institutions etc. 


All projects are based on cross-border partnerships, with partners in the EU member and partner states. The applicant must reside in one of the areas eligible for the program. Each partner implements some of the joint program activities on the territory of its state. The projects must have a minimum value of EUR 50,000. 

Program Documents and Publications

»»  Transnational Cooperation Program for the South-Eastern Europe 2007-2013


Area of cooperation  

  • all three old member States: Austria, Greece and Italy (regions: Lombardia, Bolzano / Bozen, Trento, Veneto, Friuli-Venezia-Giulia, Emilia Romagna, Umbria, Marche, Abruzzo, Molise, Puglia, Basilicata)
  • five new member states: Bulgaria, Hungary, Romania, Slovenia, Slovakia;
  • a candidate State: Croatia;
  • a State with the candidate status with which negotiations have started: Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia;
  • four potential candidate states: Albania, Bosnia, Montenegro and Serbia;
  • two states with which the EU has special relationship: Moldova and Ukraine (Oblasts: Cjermovestka, Ivano-Frankiviska, Zakarpatska, Odessa).

Program Budget 

FEDR budget - single budget for the 8 member states / 7 years (mil. Euro)

Total FEDR budget + national co-financing
 FEDR National co-financing 
 TOTAL  245,111.97  206,691,645  38,420.329



IPA Budget (in mil. Euro): 

State/Year 2007 2008 2009
Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina 0.2 0.2 0.2
Croatia 0.4 0.4 0.4
Macedonia 0.5 0.5 0.5
Serbia 1,114.00 0.589 0.764
Montenegro 0.67 0.76 0.84







ENPI Budget 

Projects submitted by the partners in Moldova and the eligible regions of Ukraine will be financed under the Interregional EPNI Program (Joint budget - 2 mln. Euro ), to be shortly approved by the European Commission.  In order not to exclude the participation of partners from Moldova and Ukraine in the current bidding, the activities of these partners will be covered by the FERD funds, the value of which amounts to 10 per cent of the European Commission contribution to the program.  


Program's overall strategic objective

To create transnational partnerships in areas of strategic importance in order to improve the process of territorial, economic and social integration and to support cohesion, stability and competitiveness.

Priority axis 1 Supporting innovation and entrepreneurship
1. developing technological and innovation networks in specific areas;
2. developing a supporting environment for innovative entrepreneurship
3. improving the framework conditions and opening the path to innovation.
Priority Axis 3 Improving Accessibility
1. improving coordination in promotion, planning and intervention in primary and secondary transport networks;
2. developing strategies to reduce "digital gap";
3. improving the framework conditions for multimode platforms.

Priority Axis 2 Protecting and improving environment
1. improving integrated water management and preventing the risk of floods 
2. improving prevention of technological and environmental risks;
3. promoting cooperation in management of natural resources and of protected areas;
4. promoting renewable energy and streamlining the use of resources.  
Priority Axis 4 Developing transnational synergies of areas with potential
1. addressing problems that affect the metropolitan areas and the regional settlement systems;
2. promoting a balanced pattern of areas with potential in terms of their accessibility and attractiveness;
3. promoting the use of cultural heritage for development.

Priority Axis 5 Technical Assistance for program implementation and capacity development 

Financial allocation/priority axes

Distribution of total eligible budgets 

Total eligible financing (EUR) FEDR financing (EUR)  National financing (EUR) 
Axis 1 - Supporting innovation and entrepreneurship  51.824.891 44.051.157 7.773.734
Axis 2 - Protecting and improving environment  63.223.327 53.739.828 9.483.499
Axis 3 - Improving Accessibility  64.895.099 55.160.834 9.734.265
Axis 4 - Developing transnational synergies of areas with potential  48.633.328 41.338.329 7.294.999
Axis 5 - Technical Assistance for program implementation and capacity development  16.535.329 12.401.497 4.133.832













Provision of competitive grants under Calls for Project Proposals (Tenders). 

Program Operation Results

Pilot projects, opportunity studies, thematic analyses, forecast and trend studies (the list is not exhaustive)

Eligible Projects

The general and specific selection criteria for studies/actions vary, depending on priorities, and are established/approved by the Monitoring Committee. 

Minimum selection criteria:

  • relevance of the subject theme of the proposed project;
  • expected results and impact are specific;
  • the quality of the partnership established for project implementation;
  • cost-benefit efficiency in terms of resources mobilized for project implementation (financial, human, natural and cultural resources);
  • number of partners: at least 3 partner states, of which at least one is not a member state.

Estimated Project Duration: 24 months.

Estimated Value of a Project:
 1.8 million Euro.

»»  Joint Operational Programme Black Sea Basin 2014-2020

The Black Sea Basin Programme 2014-2020 is part of European Union's Cross-Border Cooperation (CBC) under its European Neighbourhood Instrument (ENI).

As a result of the completed analytical and consultation process, the Black Sea Basin programme will focus on two ENI CBC thematic objectives, contributing to two overarching strategic objectives, as defined in ENI CBC Programming document 2014-2020:

  • Thematic Objective 1. Business and SME development, contributing to ENI CBC overarching strategic objective

            A. Promote economic and social development in regions on both sides of common borders

  • Thematic Objective 6. Environmental protection, and climate change mitigation and adaptation, contributing to ENI CBC overarching strategic objective

B. Address common challenges in environment, public health, safety and security

Black Sea Basin ENI Cross-Border Cooperation programme 2014-2020 - Objectives and Priorities.

A number of important elements for successful, sustained and inclusive cross-border cooperation will also be supported as horizontal issues or modalities to be deployed across any of the priorities. They include:

  • So-called 'people-to-people' actions
  • Promotion of local and regional good governance
  • Promotion of regional integration/coordination
  • The use and development of relevant information and communication technologies
  • Promotion of gender equality, and opportunities for youth.

To achieve its objectives, the programme will award grants to CBC projects selected through calls for proposals.

Two calls for proposals are expected to be launched during the programme lifetime, in 2016 and 2018. The recommended financial size of projects will be further defined in the calls for proposals.

The core eligible area of the Black Sea Basin Programme, as defined in the ENI CBC programming document:

  • Romania: Sud-Est
  • Bulgaria: Severoiztochen, Yugoiztochen
  • Greece: Kentriki Makedonia, Anatoliki Makedonia Thraki
  • Turkey: TR10 (İstanbul), TR21 (Tekirdağ, Edirne, Kırklareli), TR42 (Kocaeli, Sakarya, Düzce, Bolu, Yalova), TR81 (Zonguldak, Karabük, Bartın), TR82 (Kastamonu, Çankırı, Sinop), TR83 (Samsun, Tokat, Çorum, Amasya) and TR90 (Trabzon, Ordu, Giresun, Rize, Artvin, Gümüşhane)
  • Russia: Rostov Oblast, Krasnodar Krai, Adygea republic
  • Ukraine: Odessa, Mykolaiv, Kherson, Zaporosh'ye and Donetsk Oblasts, Crimea Republic, Sevastopol
  • Moldova, Georgia, Armenia, Azerbaijan: the whole country

»»  Joint Operational Programme Romania – Republic of Moldova 2014-2020

For the period 2014-2020, the European Union will finance the Joint Operational Programme Romania- Republic of Moldova, through the European Neighbourhood Instrument (ENI).
The program addresses the border area between Romania and Republic of Moldova, and will contribute to the overall objective of the European Neighbourhood Instrument: evolution towards a region of prosperity and good neighborliness, achieved through Cross Border Cooperation actions to the benefit of neighboring EU Member and Non-member States.

The program area consists of:
Romania: counties: Botosani, Iasi, Vaslui, Galați
Republic of Moldova: the whole territory.

EU financial allocation to this program is EUR 81 million.
The minimum co-financing to be ensured by the two countries is 10% of the EU contribution.
The process of preparing the Joint Operational Programme Romania-Republic of Moldova is in progress at present. There were established joint bodies which are designed to identify the common development priorities of the two countries in the border area as well as the list of large infrastructure projects which is to be attached to the program.

»»  Danube Transnational Programme 2014-2020

In December 2012 the European Commission proposed to create a new transnational cooperation programme for the 2014-2020 period. Danube Transnational Cooperation Programme is financed by the European Neighbourhood and Partnership Instrument.

The Programme will support development projects with transnational impacts, the thematic objectives of which are the following areas: research, technology development, innovation, environmental protection, resource efficiency, sustainable transport and infrastructure promotion, institutional capacity building and efficient public administration.

The Danube programme area includes: Austria; Bosnia and Herzegovina; Bulgaria; Croatia; Czech Republic; Germany (Baden-Württemberg and Bavaria) not whole territory); Hungary; the Republic of Moldova; Montenegro; Romania; Serbia; Slovakia; Slovenia; Ukraine (not whole territory). 

»»  Eastern Partnership Territorial Cooperation Programmes Cross Border Cooperation Progamme Moldova – Ukraine

The Eastern Partnership Territorial Cooperation Programmes will largely build on the experience of the ENPI cross border cooperation (CBC) programmes implemented along the EU external borders in what concerns focusing on local development needs as well as thematic coverage.

The cross-border cooperation programme between Moldova and Ukraine is carried out in the following eligible areas:

  • Republic of Moldova: the whole country
  • Ukraine: Vinnytsya, Chernivtsi, Odessa Oblasts

The overall objective of the territorial cooperation programme Moldova - Ukraine is to strengthen cross border contacts between local authorities, communities and civil society organisations to help develop joint solutions to common social and economic development challenges.

Thematic coverage: Operational Objectives

The territorial cooperation programme Moldova - Ukraine addresses local development needs that have been specified in the joint operational programme. It supports small-scale cross border projects between local partners and focuses on the following three operational objectives and related priority issues:

Operational Objectives


Improving the living conditions of local communities


Promotion of closer business links across the border

Diversification of income sources and development of alternative employment opportunities in rural areas

Addressing common challenges


Solving cross-border environmental problems, enhancing emergency preparedness


Culture, education and sports

Promotion of multi-cultural diversity and social integrity of ethnical minorities across the border

Facilitation of people-to-people links in social sphere, culture, education and sports with focus on youth issues

Size of grants

  • minimum amount: € 60,000
  • maximum amount: € 300,000.00

The call for proposals are expected to be launched by the end of April 2015.